Booming: Television News Channels in India

In the days before the online gaming revolution and even before the boom of tribal casinos, a riverboat cruise was the sole legal way to gamble in the US other than Las Vegas and Atlantic City casinos. Nowadays, gambling at a riverboat casino is one of many options for gamblers who are recreational when he feels like shooting dice.

The story of casino cruises and riverboat casinos in the United States goes back to the beginning of the 19th century, when the Mississippi River was a major commercial center for farmers as well as merchants. The river towns became major attractions for professional gamblers called cardsharps, who were hunting the travelers who carried huge amounts of cash with them.

When five cardsharps were lynched in Mississippi in 1835. The professional gamblers drove away from the south. The riverboat gambling KANNADANEWS style continued to be a casual routine between gamblers. The decades leading up to the Civil War saw the pick of lavish riverboat gambling.

The image that people have of the typical riverboat player has changed a lot over the past century. If during the 19th century riverboat gambling was a part of the frontier lifestyle, nowadays, a casino cruise is something that you can buy on the anniversary of your grandparents.

The first State that legalized casino riverboats was Iowa in 1989. The casinos that are now riverboats are legalized in Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, South Carolina and Texas. In some states, the riverboats that casinos operate actually travel through the ocean, whereas others are anchored permanently and never depart the dock. The other type of riverboat casinos enable gamblers on a leisure basis to simply get on the nearest casino and enjoy their preferred casino game for a couple of hours.

The type of games available in riverboat casinos vary from one state to another. There are usually slot machines , as well as traditional table games like blackjack roulette, craps, roulette Baccarat, and so on. Certain riverboat casinos also have poker rooms, where players have the opportunity to compete in Texas Holdem against one another. Most of the casino cruises are family-friendly and have different activities apart from gambling including live entertainment for kids.

If you’re contemplating taking part on a cruise with a casino, you do not have to worry about cardsharps or a fierce competition at the poker table. Many of those who join a casino cruise are gamblers on a pleasure cruise who enjoy a good game of craps between the fine dining experience and sunbathing on the dock. Furthermore, you’ll get a more pleasant and a more patient experience from casino dealers and employees as opposed to a typical Las Vegas casino.

If spending a weekend on an on-water casino is for you, then it is possible to try one of Florida daily cruises to casinos. If you choose to take the Sterling Casino Lines cruise, for example, you can start at 11 am and return at 18 pm. Sterling Casino Lines cruises take place in an area of 75,000 square feet for gambling area , which includes more than 1000 slot machines and the 50 tables.

Sterling Casino Line cruise is only one of many choices available throughout the US for those of you that want to bet on the country’s lakes, rivers and seas. The variety of casino cruises along with riverboat docks casinos offers the most extravagant Las Vegas styles casinos and simpler alternatives. If you enjoy gambling just for fun , and you are prone to be sick at sea taking a cruise is a great distraction for one day or for a whole weekend.

News programmes have suddenly become the latest hot item and are competing for attention with other popular programmes telecast in several channels. The major television broadcasters are offering at least one news channel in their offerings. The biggest hurdle to launching the satellite channel is programming software that can be used round the clock. In this juncture, newsgathering is the main task of the news channels that operate 24 hours a day. To fulfill this requirement the new electronic channels have always made an attempt to report on all news events regardless of location, position and time. These channels have not only revolutionized the notion of news on Indian television, but also altered the news format. In the 1990s, Doordarshan was the sole newscast provider on Indian television, and had also transformed news programs into dull exercise. In the past, private channels created news as a key commodity like cloth, food and shelter. The main benefit of modern news bulletins is the topicality, objectivity, glossy editing, and top-quality images. News has come many times since the DD era. From local events to International events, breaking news to news analysis, soaps on television to news page3 all events fall under the purview of news. In this piece, we’ve examined some of the major changes that occurred in news broadcasting in India prior to and following in the aftermath of Gulf War.

Indian Television – Flash Back

Television in India is going through major changes as part of the liberalized environment. To understand these changes it is essential to know the basics of the path taken by television channels so far. The journey started as an experiment with the aid of UNESCO on September 15th, 1959. The studio that was erected as a temporary structure at Akashvani Bhavan New Delhi was chosen for the location of the study. The experiment started with one-hour program, broadcast twice a week, on health in the community the rights of citizens, traffic and education, etc. As far as news is concerned, it was launched exactly six years following the introduction of television broadcasting. A daily one-hour show with a news bulletin was served to Indian viewers. One of the major disadvantages of TV was that you couldn’t see the true colors of the objects due of the black and white broadcasts. First multi-color programme was the Prime Minister’s address to the nation from the Red Fort in Delhi on the 35th Independence Day. The same day, DD National channel was created. The aim of launching the National channel is to encourage the nation’s integration and encouraging pride in Indians. Indian viewers also enjoyed the animated version of Asian Games hosted by New Delhi in their drawing room. The coverage of major events as well as other occasions lends a significant contribution to the spreading of television signals to regions and corners of the subcontinent. Indian Government has taken every step to increase the broadcasting of television both demographically and geographically. In 1983 , television signal was accessible to only 28 percent of the population. which had doubled by end of 1985 . By 1990, over 90% of the population was able to the ability to access television channels. In 1984, the DD Metro channel was added to provide an exclusive entertainment for the urban viewers. In the beginning, the channel was only available to metropolitan cities.
As a public broadcaster, Doordarshan provided news in a an unpretentious manner. All controversial issues were pushed under the carpet. The government that was in power was in control of the broadcasting on television. Doordarshan news bulletins were not able to provide the world news to the nation’s viewers. The objectivity was the first loss as news was often adjusted to the particular party in power. News was released from the constraints of the DD newsroom, and gained credibility and objectivity when New Delhi Television (NDTV) created ‘The Week in the World’ in 1988. Everyone was waiting eagerly for Friday evening to watch “The World This week”. This was the only India-based program, that looked to the rest of the world. The World This Week was the most popular current affairs program on the international scene. It carried great news, that regular DD news failed to do. The show is recognized as one of the best and most watched television shows. In 1989, NDTV created India’s very first live television coverage of India’s general elections. The critical and commercial success of the program sets the new norm in Indian television. Following The Gulf War the media panorama has been transformed forever.

Golf War – The Catalyst

Post-1990 satellite television in India has become transnational in nature. This was the result of the entry of multinational companies in the Indian markets under the government policy of privatization. International satellite television was introduced by India by CNN through its coverage of the Gulf War in 1991. In August of 1991, Richard Li launched Star Plus, the first satellite channel beamed the signal to Indian subcontinent. Subhash Chandra’s Zee TV appeared in October 1992. It was the first privately-owned Hindi channel to meet the demands of Indian viewers. The fire was ignited by Sony and then by the local channels like Eenadu, Asianet and Sun TV. Entertainment programming had begun to become the center of the organisation’s strategy for programming, and advertising was now considered to the main source of funding. The original mission of Doordarshan to help in the development of the economy and social growth had been clearly diminished. Doordarshan was facing a fierce competition in its news and public affairs programming by international channels such as BBC as well as CNN. Doordarshan intended to sell slots for news programme under sponsored categories. The month of February, 1995 saw NDTV becomes the country’s first private producer of national news ‘News Tonight’, which aired on the country’s government-owned Doordarshan established a new standard for Indian television due to its on-the-spot reporting with pertinent visuals. In the same year TV Today Network occupied a 20 minutes slot in DD Metro channel and aired the Hindi news and current affairs program ‘Aaj Tak’. The show gained acclaim for its extensive coverage and distinctive style of presentation presented by late S. P. Singh. Still we remembered the message to sign up “Ye Thi Khabar Aaj Tak, Intizar. Kijiye Kal Tak”. A large number of viewers across India were watching Aaj Tak as a daily habit due to its original style of news broadcast. Apart from that Nalini Singh’s five-minute , fast-paced daily news bulletin Ankhon Dekhi, as well as TV Today’s Business Aaj Tak and Newstrack were aired via the Metro channel of Doordarshan. This is the period when satellite channels focused on entertainment programmes for their channels. Doordarshan was still by the most sought-after area called ‘news’.

Major Players

The monopoly on Doordarshan’s television was ended in 1992 when private television channels entered the Indian borders and entertained viewers in the most entertaining way. At the start of the 1990s, the channels only broadcast entertainment. The entertainment programming included comedy and family drama cartoons, children’s programs movies, talk show as well as recipe shows musical concerts and non-fiction programs, among others. Private entertainment channels added some entertainment programs on their Fixed Point Charts (FPC). Keeping the demand of entertainment programs in mind the media houses began to produce news magazines, entertainment magazines and news programmes for different channels. India’s most prestigious business and consumer news broadcaster, and a renowned source of content for media, Television Eighteen India Limited (TV18) started India’s first ever entertainment publication ‘The India Show in 1993 in 1993. It was aired on Star Plus in 1993. This emerging media powerhouse provided prime time television content to most of the major broadcasting satellites within India such as BBC, Star Plus, Sony Entertainment Television, Zee, MTV and Discovery. After The India Show, TV18 produced a week-long business news show called India Business Report for BBC World. Indian viewers had very limited options (like publicly-owned broadcaster Doordarshan, BBC and CNN) to watch the TV news. To watch news on television, viewers had to choose Dordarshan and some international news channels like BBC and CNN. In the quest to bring additional news, more details, Zee Television jumped into the battlefield by launching the news channel Zee News in 1995. This News as well as the current affairs channel changed the way that news was presented to the public. Since its start, Zee News has endeavoured to be the fastest to provide news, working towards a single goal of Sabse Pahle (Always First). Another 24-hour news channel owned by Murdoch, Star TV beamed its exclusively 24 hours-a-day news channels, Star News in 1998. Star signed a deal of five years with Prannoy Roy’s NDTV (New Delhi Television Co.) to produce news-related content for this news channel.
The never-ending reporting of Kargil war that fought between India and Pakistan gained more publicity and attracted more attention towards the digital channel. This telecast war also sets an example for wartime journalism. In the Kargil war, everyday citizens watched as their brave Jawans battled in hostile conditions and watched the battlefront live on the only news channels, Star-TV and Zee-News. Live coverage of the war helped bring about a feeling of pride among the Indian population, and later facilitated into collecting huge funds for the welfare of the families of Kargil martyrs. Each news channel catches the attention of a large amount of viewers. However, the Kargil conflict attracts private broadcasters to make more investments in broadcasting, by launching a news channel. Since November, 1999 TV18 entered into a 49:51 joint venture together with CNBC Asia to launch CNBC India. TV18 acts as sole program provider for CNBC India, and produces 12 hours of local programming each day on the 24-hour satellite channel.
After the huge success and success of news programme ‘Aaj Tak’, TV Today group launched the 24-hour Hindi news channel under the same name ‘Aaj Tac in December 2000. The channel is a comprehensive coverage of India with wisdom, conviction and lots of local flavor. Within 11 months of its introduction, Aaj Tak emerged as India’s most watched news channel and was awarded the Best News Channel award from Indian Television Academy Awards. There were some major events aside from regular newsworthy items (such as Kandhahar hijack and September 11 attacks Afghanistan war, attack at Parliament, Iraq war, Godhra carnage and riots) have increased the viewership. In the course of time the five-year contract NDTV had to Star group for outsourcing of news and other programming lapsed in March 2003. After the contract expired, NDTV forayed into broadcasting business by simultaneously launching two 24 hour news channels; NDTV 24X7 , an English news channel, and NDTV India – Hindi news channel, which is aimed at the Indian diaspora across the globe. The news-crazed Indians received more news at faster speed from different channels. Any unusual happening can be captured by the camera of the TV anyplace from Rastrapati Bhawan to your bedroom. The impact of television journalism was become more visible through major sting operations like Operation West End and Shakti Kapoor Case. This kind of investigative journalism has led to an alteration in the way we see news amid new ideas of freedom of expression. The world’s biggest family, Sahara India Parivar’ began the nation’s 24 hour Hindi news channel, Sahara Samay, in March of 2003. It’s the first city-specific satellite news channel that covers 31 cities in India featuring their very own city news bulletins. With the need for news in mind, the Union cabinet approved the proposal to convert the DD Metro into DD news during a meeting scheduled on October 3, 2003. Consequent to these decisions, DD-News channel was launched on November 3, 2003. It is possible that you have noticed that these news channels have language specific. But DD’s news channel also has all-hour news bulletins that are in Hindior English are also telecast twice a day through the National Network of DD National.

 

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